Sunday, September 15, 2013

English Verb Conjugator

English Verb Conjugator
Use the following information to help you conjugate English verbs in the 12 tenses.
Move the bar below to change the subject. (S = Subject)

Simple Continuous Perfect Continuous Perfect
Present Int. Do/Does S 1? Am/Are/Is S 3? Have/Has S been 3? Have/Has S 5?
Present Neg. S do/does not 1. S am/are/is not 3. S have/has not been 3. S have/has not 5.
Present Aff. S 1/2. S am/are/is 3. S have/has been 3. S have/has 5.
Past Int. Did S 1? Was/Were S 3? Had S been 3? Had S 5?
Past Neg. S did not 1. S was/were not 3. S had not been 3. S had not 5.
Past Aff. S 4. S was/were 3. S had been 3. S had 5.
Future Int. Will S 1? Will S be 3? Will S have been 3? Will S have 5?
Future Neg. S will not 1. S will not be 3. S will not have been 3. S will not have 5.
Future Aff. S will 1. S will be 3. S will have been 3. S will have 5.
The numbers 1-5 above correspond to the following verb forms.
Move the mouse over the verb forms below to see the conjugations above.
Simple Form Present Simple
He/She/It (-s)
Continuous Form
Past Simple
Past Participle
1 2 3 4 5
arise arises arising arose arisen
awake awakes awaking awoke awoken
bear bears bearing bore borne
beat beats beating beat beat, beaten
become becomes becoming became become
begin begins beginning began begun
bend bends bending bent bent
bet bets betting bet bet
bind binds binding bound bound
bite bites biting bit bitten
bleed bleeds bleeding bled bled
blow blows blowing blew blown
break breaks breaking broke broken
breed breeds breeding bred bred
bring brings bringing brought brought
build builds building built built
burn burns burning burnt, burned burnt, burned
burst bursts bursting burst burst
buy buys buying bought bought
call calls calling called called
cast casts casting cast cast
catch catches catching caught caught
choose chooses choosing chose chosen
cling clings clinging clung clung
come comes coming came come
cost costs costing cost cost
creep creeps creeping crept crept
deal deals dealing delt delt
dig digs digging dug dug
do does doing did done
draw draws drawing drew drawn
dream dreams dreaming dreamt, dreamed dreamt, dreamed
drink drinks drinking drank drunk
drive drives driving drove driven
dwell dwells dwelling dwelt, dwelled dwelt, dwelled
eat eats eating ate eaten
fall falls falling fell fallen
feed feeds feeding fed fed
feel feels feeling felt felt
fight fights fighting fought fought
fill fills filling filled filled
find finds finding found found
flee flees fleeing fled fled
fling flings flinging flung flung
fly flies flying flew flown
forbid forbids forbidding forbade forbidden
forecast forecasts forecasting forecast forecast
forget forgets forgetting forgot forgotten
forgive forgives forgiving forgave forgiven
freeze freezes freezing froze frozen
get gets getting got got, gottten
give gives giving gave given
go goes going went gone
grind grinds grinding ground ground
grow grows growing grew grown
hang hangs hanging hung, hanged hung, hanged
have has having had had
hear hears hearing heard heard
hide hides hiding hid hidden
hit hits hitting hit hit
hold holds holding held held
hurt hurts hurting hurt hurt
keep keeps keeping kept kept
kneel kneels kneeling knelt, kneeled knelt, kneeled
know knows knowing knew known
lay lays laying laid laid
lead leads leading led led
lean leans leaning leant, leaned leant, leaned
leap leaps leaping leapt, leaped leapt, leaped
learn learns learning learnt, learned learnt, learned
leave leaves leaving left left
lend lends lending lent lent
let lets letting let let
lie lies lying lay lain
light lights lighting lit, lighted lit, lighted
live lives living lived lived
lose loses losing lost lost
make makes making made made
mean means meaning meant meant
meet meets meeting met met
mistake mistakes mistaking mistook mistaken
mow mows mowing mowed mown, mowed
pay pays paying paid paid
play plays playing played played
put puts putting put put
quit quits quitting quit, quitted quit, quitted
raise raises raising raised raised
read reads reading read read
rid rids ridding rid rid
ride rides riding rode ridden
ring rings ringing rang rung
rise rises rising rose risen
run runs running ran run
saw saws sawing sawed sawn
say says saying said said
see sees seeing saw seen
seek seeks seeking sought sought
sell sells selling sold sold
send sends sending sent sent
set sets setting set set
shake shakes shaking shook shaken
shed sheds shedding shed shed
shine shines shining shone, shined shone, shined
shoot shoots shooting shot shot
show shows showing showed shown
shrink shrinks shrinking shrank shrunk
shut shuts shutting shut shut
sing sings singing sang sung
sink sinks sinking sank sunk
sit sits sitting sat sat
slay slays slaying slew slain
sleep sleeps sleeping slept slept
slide slides sliding slid slid
sling slings slinging slung slung
slink slinks slinking slunk slunk
slit slits slitting slit slit
smell smells smelling smelt, smelled smelt, smelled
sow sows sowing sowed sown, sowed
speak speaks speaking spoke spoken
speed speeds speeding sped, speeded sped, speeded
spell spells spelling spelt, spelled spelt, spelled
spend spends spending spent spent
spill spills spilling spilt, spilled spilt, spilled
spin spins spinning spun spun
spit spits spitting spat spat
split splits spliting split split
spoil spoils spoiling spoilt, spoiled spoilt, spoiled
spread spreads spreading spread spread
spring springs springing sprang sprung
stand stands standing stood stood
steal steals stealing stole stolen
stick sticks sticking stuck stuck
sting stings stinging stung stung
stink stinks stinking stank stunk
strike strikes striking struck struck
strive strives striving strove striven
swear swears swearing swore sworn
sweep sweeps sweeping swept swept
swell swells swelling swelled swollen, swelled
swim swims swimming swam swum
swing swings swinging swung swung
take takes taking took taken
teach teaches teaching taught taught
tear tears tearing tore torn
tell tells telling told told
think thinks thinking thought thought
throw throws throwing threw thrown
thrust thrusts thrusting thrust thrust
tread treads treading trod trodden
upset upsets upsetting upset upset
wake wakes waking woke woken
wear wears wearing wore worn
weave weaves weaving wove, weaved woven, weaved
weep weeps weeping wept wept
wet wets wetting wet, wetted wet, wetted
win wins winning won won
wind winds winding wound wound
withdraw withdraws withdrawing withdrew withdrawn
withhold withholds withholding withheld withheld
withstand withstands withstanding withstood withstood
wring wrings wringing wrung wrung
write writes writing wrote written
work works working worked worked

Auxiliary Verb Venn Diagram

You We Theyare
He She Itdoes

As you can see in the diagram above, each group of subjects: I, You/We/They, and He/She/It, has 7 auxiliary verbs for all the 12 tenses.

  • I - am, was, do, have, did, had, will.
    'am' is only used with I;
    'do' and 'have' are shared with You/We/They;
    'was' is shared with He/She/It.
  • You/We/They - are, were, do, have, did, had, will.
    Remember that 'are' and 'were' both end with '-re'.
  • He/She/It - is, was, does, has, did, had, will.
    Remember that 'is', 'was', 'has', and 'does' all end with '-s'.
  • All the subject pronouns: I/You/We/They/He/She/It use 'did', 'had', and 'will'.

Which auxiliary verbs do I need for each tense?

Let's start with the easy ones to remember:

  • Perfect - the verb 'to have':
    'have' and 'has' in present;
    'had' in past;
    'will have' in future.
  • Continuous - the verb 'to be':
    'am', 'are', and 'is' in present;
    'was', 'were' in past;
    'will be' in future.
  • Perfect Continuous - this is a combination of 'to have' and the past participle of 'to be' - 'been':
    'have been' and 'has been' in present;
    'had been' in past;
    'will have been' in future.
  • Lastly, the most difficult tense for students, Simple, is actually a bit complex:
    'do' and 'does' in present, but only in interrogative (int.) and negative (neg.);
    'did' in past, but again, only in interrogative (int.) and negative (neg.);
    'will' in future in all three: interrogative (int.), negative (neg.), and affirmative (aff.).
  • Remember that there are only two cases in which we do not need an auxiliary verb:
    Present Simple affirmative and Past Simple affirmative

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Links to other exercises/Enlaces a otros ejercicios
English Sentence Generator/Generador de oraciones en inglés
- customizable practice exercise for conjugations of English verbs in the 12 tenses with downloadable progress reports.
- ejercicio a medida de conjugaciones de verbos ingleses en los 12 tiempos con reportes de progreso descargables.
English Pronouns, Possessive Adjectives, Contractions/Pronombres, adjetivos posesivos y contracciones en inglés
- review table and simple exercise.
- tabla de revisión y ejercicio sencillo.
Russian Sentence Generator/Generador de oraciones en ruso
- customizable practice exercise for conjugations of Russian verbs (Imperfective/Perfective) in Present, Past, and Future with downloadable progress reports.
- ejercicio a medida de conjugaciones de verbos rusos (imperfectivos/perfectivos) en presente, pasado, futuro con reportes de progreso descargables.
Russian noun and adjective declensions/Declensiones de sustantivos y adjetivos en ruso
- customizable practice for Russian nouns and adjectives in the 6 cases with detailed, downloadable progress reports.
- ejercicio a medida para los sustantivos y adjetivos rusos en los 6 casos con reportes de progreso detallados y descargables.
Spanish-English nouns and determiners/Sustantivos y modificadores en español y inglés
- vocabulary practice trainer of basic words in both languages.
- entrenador de palabras básicas en ambos idiomas.
Multilingual Talking Keyboard/Teclado que habla en 17 idiomas
- write and listen to text in 17 languages using Google Text-to-Speech technology. Currently, for best audio results, use Safari or Apple devices with Safari.
- escribir y escuchar texto con la tecnología auditiva de Google Translate. Para mejor resultos, se recomienda usar Safari o aparatos de Apple con Safari.
Multilingual Talking Calculator/Calculadora que habla en 25 idiomas
- add, subtract, multiply, divide and listen to numbers in 25 languages, also with customizable number dictation.
- suma, resta, multiplica, divide y escucha los números, también con dictado a medida de números.

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